Lignin yield maximization of mixed biorefinery feedstocks by organosolv fractionation using Taguchi Robust Product Design

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A. F. Astner, T. M. Young, and J. J. Bozell, “Lignin yield maximization of mixed biorefinery feedstocks by organosolv fractionation using Taguchi Robust Product Design,” Biomass and Bioenergy, vol. 73, pp. 209–216, Feb. 2015.

Type Journal Article
Author Anton F. Astner
Author Timothy M. Young
Author Joseph J. Bozell
URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0961953414005534
Volume 73
Pages 209-216
Publication Biomass and Bioenergy
ISSN 0961-9534
Date February 2015
Journal Abbr Biomass and Bioenergy
DOI 10.1016/j.biombioe.2014.12.021
Abstract Abstract Lignin, isolated from switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) and tulip poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera) using organosolv fractionation is currently being explored for its potential use in the production of value-added chemicals and bio-based polymers. Taguchi Robust Product Design (TRPD) was applied to maximize lignin yield from the fractionation process. The following four controllable design factors were used in the TRPD: process temperature (120 °C, 140 °C and 160 °C), fractionation time (56 and 90 min), sulfuric acid concentration (0.025 M, 0.05 M and 0.1 M), and feedstock type (switchgrass/tulip poplar chip ratios of 10/90, 50/50 and 90/10). Process noise was induced in the experiment by using either the mass- or volume-based feedstock charges of switchgrass and tulip poplar chips. A maximum mean lignin yield of 78.63 wt% and signal-to-noise ratio of 37.90 was found at a 90 min runtime, a process temperature of 160 °C, a sulfuric acid concentration of 0.1 M, and a feedstock composition of 10% switchgrass and 90% tulip poplar. Process temperature was the most significant factor that influenced lignin yield. This study may provide a pathway for industrialists and researchers interested in maximizing lignin yield in the organosolv fractionation process.


Keywords:

 

  • Aromatic compounds
  • Biomass
  • Fractionation
  • Hemicellulose
  • Liriodendron tulipifera
  • Panicum virgatum
  • Populus
  • Solvent removal

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