Thermogravimetric investigation on the degradation properties and combustion performance of bio-oils

Ren, Xueyong, Jiajia Meng, Andrew M. Moore, Jianmin Chang, Jinsheng Gou, and Sunkyu Park. 2013. Bioresource Technology 152 (0): 267–74. doi:10.1016/j.biortech.2013.11.028.

Type Journal Article
Author Xueyong Ren
Author Jiajia Meng
Author Andrew M. Moore
Author Jianmin Chang
Author Jinsheng Gou
Author Sunkyu Park
Volume 152
Issue 0
Pages 267-274
Publication Bioresource Technology
ISSN 0960-8524
Date November 19, 2013
Journal Abbr Bioresource Technology
DOI 10.1016/j.biortech.2013.11.028
Abstract Abstract The degradation properties and combustion performance of raw bio-oil, aged bio-oil, and bio-oil from torrefied wood were investigated through thermogravimetric analysis. A three-stage process was observed for the degradation of bio-oils, including devolatilization of the aqueous fraction and light compounds, transition of the heavy faction to solid, and combustion of carbonaceous residues. Pyrolysis kinetics parameters were calculated via the reaction order model and 3D-diffusion model, and combustion indexes were used to qualitatively evaluate the thermal profiles of tested bio-oils for comparison with commercial oils such as fuel oils. It was found that aged bio-oil was more thermally instable and produced more combustion-detrimental carbonaceous solid. Raw bio-oil and bio-oil from torrefied wood had comparable combustion performance to fuel oils. It was considered that bio-oil has a potential to be mixed with or totally replace the fuel oils in boilers.


  • Aluminum
  • Biofuels
  • Bio-oil
  • Carbon
  • Chemical composition
  • Combustion
  • Combustion performance
  • Degradation
  • Fuelds
  • Fuel oils
  • Oils
  • Thermogravimetric analysis
  • Wood

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